Robo y Resistencia de la tierra indigena/Indigenous Land Theft and Resistance En Guatemala/In Guatemala


POOR correspondent - Posted on 02 July 2010

Ingrid Deleon/PNN Voces de inmigrantes en resistencia
Friday, March 26, 2010

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Yo soy indigena mama de quatro ninos. Soy de San Marcos, Guatemala. En el ano de1996 en Guatemala hicieron una ley de mineria. Desde que se firmo la paz, firme y duradera. En ese mismo año se entregaron mas de 400 licensias a los mineros, desde esa fecha hay una guerra entre la congresa de la republica y la poblacion porque los mineros estan en contra de las culturas de los pueblos indijenas y ellos no respetan los derechos de la gente. A la vez ellos no nos respetan y tambien el congreso tampoco por que ellos a espaldas de la poblacion hacen todas estas cosas, desde 1996 a 2001.

En 2005 mas de 40 municipios rechasaron la Asociacion Minera de Guatemala por que gente extranjera llega solo a destruir las tierras y hay algo peor, llegan a sacar buen dinero y a empobreser mas a mi paiz.

El congreso no les importa, tal vez la minima parte o quisas el un por ciento y lamentable mente en Guatemala somos conformistas y como dice un dicho nos dan atole con el dedo. Cualquiera nos quiere humillar y aplastarnos como si fueramos cucarachas pero por eso hay organizaciones para ayudar a la gente y apollar la aunque los gobiernos no estan de acuerdo. Hay una red de organizaciones que se apollan mutuamente y por eso en Santiago Chimaltenango no aceptan a los mineros.

No solo ese es el problema hay otros mas. El problema central es la mineria porque no beneficia a nadie solo afecta a la poblacin porque la constitucin dice que es ley que los rios, las rocas y toda la demas naturaleza es de ellos. Yo no estoy de acuerdo con todo esto por que no respetan los derechos humanos, tambien no estoy de acuerdo con lo que dice Don Pascual de la Declaracion de los Terrenos porque si declaramos nos cobrarian impuestos y desgraciada mente los lugares que no estan en esas organizacines no tienen apollo de nadie.

Por ejemplo; de donde yo soy no tenemos apollo de nadie para nada yo pienso que somos los mas pobres porque por lo menos Don Pascual tiene la dicha de estar en una organizacin pero tambien estoy segura que ellos jamas nos van ayudar, ellos son los que mas pueden. Perdon por lo que digo pero es la verdad de san Marcos. Nadie se acuerda, hace aproximada mente unos 6 a 7 anos atras en San Migel Ixtaguacan, llegaron los mineros ofreciendo a la gente cantidades supuestmente grandes de dinero. Lo cual esta gente de unos 50 anos jamas lo huviera visto claro se emocionaron y vendieron su terreno y otros tan bien hicieron lo mismo y los mineros muy inteligentes les dijeron que ellos se podian quedar con una parte para vivir y ellos con la mayor parte. Ahora ese lugar bonito lleno de arboles, de flores hermosas, un lugar fresco y sin contaminacin; ahora ya no queda nada, ahora esta lleno de contaminacion porque de ese lugar han hecho un barranco, un puesto de tiendas, gasolineras y muchas cosas mas. Han puesto su nombre, por que hacen todo esto? La respuesta es muy facil por que no hay quien los apoye ni los defienda. Por eso yo felicito a Don Pascual por su organizacin pero quiero que hagan algo mas y lleguen donde nadie a llegado por que de donde yo soy jamas llega ninguna ayuda de nadie. Una ves que querian que declararamos los terrenos lo rechazamos porque no tenemos dinero, hay veces tampoco para un dulce mucho menos para pagar. Estoy triste por esta situacion, espero un dia cambie por que ultima mente este mundo esta loco, en todos los paices es el mismo problema

Engles Sigue

I am an indigenous mother of four children from San Marcos, Guatemala. In 1996 Guatemala created a mining law and put it into affect. In that same year their were 400 licenses distributed to mining corporations, since that date their has been a war between the congress of the republic and the people because the mining corporations are against our indigenous cultures and they don't respect the people's rights.

At the same time they don't respect us and neither does congress because they do everything behind our backs, since 1996 to 2001.

In 2005 more than 40 municipalities rejected the Miner's Association in Guatemala because foreigners come to only destroy our lands and there is something worst, they come to take out money put my country in dept. Congress doesn't care not even a little bit and sadly Guatemala is very conformist country and there is a saying: "They give us and stole from us with the finger."

They just want to humiliate and squash us as if we were bugs and that's why there are organizations to help us and support us even though the congress doesn't want to listen to us. There is an organization that helps us help one another mutually which resulted in the town of Santiago Chilmatengo not accepting mining at all.

The central problem is the mining of our lands doesn't benefit anyone but rather it badly affects the people. It can do this because the constitution says that is a law that the lakes, the rocks and everything else that is natural belongs to the mining corporations. I do not agree with all this because they do not respect humans rights.

Don Pascual, an indigneous leader from Guatemala working for human rights with the Assamblea Encontramineria, spoke at People Organized to Win Employment Rights (POWER) in March about the Territory Declaration. I am not sure I agree with this declaration because if we declare territory they will charge us poor people/indigenous people taxes and sadly the places that are out of reach (like my home town) for the organizations won't be helped.

For example where I am from we have no kind of support and I think we are the poorest of all communities and Don Pascual is very fortunate because he belongs to an organization, but I am sure they will never help us. I'm sorry for what I am saying, but it is the truth of San Marcos. No one remembers, about 6 to 7 years ago in San Miguel, Ixtaguacan, mining corporations came to the people in our town offering them big quantities of money. They were offering this deal to people who looked like they were in their 50's, they got excited and sold their lands, other people saw what they did and did the same thing. Then the miners did a strategic move and told the people that they could live in a small portion of the area while they will take the bigger portion of the land. It was a complete theft by the corporations That place that was once beautiful, with beautiful flowers and trees, and somewhere without pollution. Now that land is completely contaminated and filled with poison.

The corporations made a ravine, a mall and gasoline stations. They put their names on everything. They destroyed all of our land. Why is this possible? The answer is simple, poor, indigneous people have no one to support them or help them. That is why I congratulate Don Pascual for his organization but, I want them to do something that has never done before which is go deeper to places like my town where no one goes to help. Also to realize that if we declare our territories they will want us to pay and we have absolutely no money, sometimes not even for a candy bar or bread. I am sad because of this situation; I wish that one day it will change because other wise we have no hope.

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